Typst is a markup language. This means that you can use simple syntax to accomplish common layout tasks. The lightweight markup syntax is complemented by set and show rules, which let you style your document easily and automatically. All this is backed by a tightly integrated scripting language with built-in and user-defined functions.


Typst has three syntactical modes: Markup, math, and code. Markup mode is the default in a Typst document, math mode lets you write mathematical formulas, and code mode lets you use Typst's scripting features.

You can switch to a specific mode at any point by referring to the following table:

New modeSyntaxExample
CodePrefix the code with #Number: #(1 + 2)
MathSurround equation with $..$$-x$ is the opposite of $x$
MarkupSurround markup with [..]let name = [*Typst!*]

Once you have entered code mode with #, you don't need to use further hashes unless you switched back to markup or math mode in between.


Typst provides built-in markup for the most common document elements. Most of the syntax elements are just shortcuts for a corresponding function. The table below lists all markup that is available and links to the best place to learn more about their syntax and usage.

Paragraph breakBlank lineparbreak
Strong emphasis*strong*strong
Raw text`print(1)`raw
Heading= Headingheading
Bullet list- itemlist
Numbered list+ itemenum
Term list/ Term: descriptionterms
Line break\linebreak
Smart quote'single' or "double"smartquote
Symbol shorthand~, ---Symbols
Code expression#rect(width: 1cm)Scripting
Character escapeTweet at us \#adBelow
Comment/* block */, // lineBelow

Math mode

Math mode is a special markup mode that is used to typeset mathematical formulas. It is entered by wrapping an equation in $ characters. This works both in markup and code. The equation will be typeset into its own block if it starts and ends with at least one space (e.g. $ x^2 $). Inline math can be produced by omitting the whitespace (e.g. $x^2$). An overview over the syntax specific to math mode follows:

Inline math$x^2$Math
Block-level math$ x^2 $Math
Bottom attachment$x_1$attach
Top attachment$x^2$attach
Fraction$1 + (a+b)/5$frac
Line break$x \ y$linebreak
Alignment point$x &= 2 \ &= 3$Math
Variable access$#x$, $pi$Math
Field access$arrow.r.long$Scripting
Implied multiplication$x y$Math
Symbol shorthand$->$, $!=$Symbols
Text/string in math$a "is natural"$Math
Math function call$floor(x)$Math
Code expression$#rect(width: 1cm)$Scripting
Character escape$x\^2$Below
Comment$/* comment */$Below

Code mode

Within code blocks and expressions, new expressions can start without a leading # character. Many syntactic elements are specific to expressions. Below is a table listing all syntax that is available in code mode:

Booleanfalse, truebool
Integer10, 0xffint
Floating-point number3.14, 1e5float
Length2pt, 3mm, 1em, ..length
Angle90deg, 1radangle
Raw text`print(1)`raw
Variable accessxScripting
Code block{ let x = 1; x + 2 }Scripting
Content block[*Hello*]Scripting
Parenthesized expression(1 + 2)Scripting
Array(1, 2, 3)Array
Dictionary(a: "hi", b: 2)Dictionary
Unary operator-xScripting
Binary operatorx + yScripting
Assignmentx = 1Scripting
Field accessx.yScripting
Method callx.flatten()Scripting
Function callmin(x, y)Function
Argument spreadingmin(..nums)Arguments
Unnamed function(x, y) => x + yFunction
Let bindinglet x = 1Scripting
Named functionlet f(x) = 2 * xFunction
Set ruleset text(14pt)Styling
Set-if ruleset text(..) if .. Styling
Show-set ruleshow par: set block(..)Styling
Show rule with functionshow raw: it => {..}Styling
Show-everything ruleshow: columns.with(2)Styling
Context expressioncontext text.langContext
Conditionalif x == 1 {..} else {..}Scripting
For loopfor x in (1, 2, 3) {..}Scripting
While loopwhile x < 10 {..}Scripting
Loop control flowbreak, continueScripting
Return from functionreturn xFunction
Include moduleinclude "bar.typ"Scripting
Import moduleimport "bar.typ"Scripting
Import items from moduleimport "bar.typ": a, b, cScripting
Comment/* block */, // lineBelow


Comments are ignored by Typst and will not be included in the output. This is useful to exclude old versions or to add annotations. To comment out a single line, start it with //:

// our data barely supports
// this claim

We show with $p < 0.05$
that the difference is

Comments can also be wrapped between /* and */. In this case, the comment can span over multiple lines:

Our study design is as follows:
/* Somebody write this up:
   - 1000 participants.
   - 2x2 data design. */

Escape sequences

Escape sequences are used to insert special characters that are hard to type or otherwise have special meaning in Typst. To escape a character, precede it with a backslash. To insert any Unicode codepoint, you can write a hexadecimal escape sequence: \u{1f600}. The same kind of escape sequences also work in strings.

I got an ice cream for
\$1.50! \u{1f600}